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The problems caused by birds on commercial properties

Birds can be a significant pest for businesses, especially those handling food, such as food warehouses, food processing factories and bakeries, where they can become a problem inside buildings.

The common problems and issues which develop due to a bird infestation come in a range of options. They can range from damage to the structure of a property due to their nesting habits to the spread of diseases such as Salmonellosis through their droppings.

As a result, they can cause businesses to take costly measures for cleaning, repairing buildings and equipment, and replacing raw materials and finished products.

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Hygiene risk from flies greater than previously thought

Flies are a well-known risk for spreading diseases and spoilage organisms in the food, healthcare and pharmaceutical sectors. In these sectors, standard hygiene practices, physical barriers and electric fly killers are required components of a good hygiene regime. This ensures the prevention of contamination from flies that are attracted to food.

A team of researchers from the US, Singapore, Brazil and Germany have shown that houseflies and blowflies can carry a far wider range of bacteria. With one key discovery being that the major route of contamination is from walking on a surface.

The researchers collected houseflies and blowflies from three continents in a range of environments, including tropical rainforest in Brazil and urban areas. The researchers used new genetic analysis techniques to identify all the microorganisms carried by the flies and the parts of their bodies they were present on.

The legs and wings show the highest microbial diversity of parts of the fly body,  which shows that just by landing on food or surfaces, flies could spread many types of bacteria.

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10 interesting facts about spiders you need to know

For those of us living in the northern hemisphere, winter has creeped its way upon us. It’s now time to bring out the big coats, scarves, gloves and hats.

Although the colder months bring with it the snow, cosy nights in by the fire, and not forgetting Thanksgiving and Christmas, there is also something else that likes to dwell in our homes during this period… Spiders!

During the autumn months, male spiders leave their discrete nesting areas and explore our homes in search of a new girlfriend.

Even though this breed of arachnids can be the stuff of nightmares for some, particularly those who suffer from arachnophobia, they are actually fascinating creatures. So without further adieu, here are 10 interesting facts about spiders you need to know!

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